Nat Prod Res. 2017 Dec 15:1-12. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2017.1408093. Health benefits of pistachios consumption. Terzo S1, Baldassano S1, Caldara GF1, Ferrantelli V2, Lo Dico G2, Mulè F1, Amato A1. Author information 1a Department of Biological, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies , University of Palermo , Palermo , Italy.2b Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia “A. Mirri” , Palermo , Italy. Abstract The health benefits of nuts, mainly in relation to the improvement of dysmetabolic conditions such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and the related cardiovascular diseases, have been widely demonstrated. Compared to other nuts, pistachios have a lower fat and caloric content, and contain the highest levels of unsaturated fatty acids, potassium, γ-tocopherol, phytosterols and xanthophyll carotenoids, all substances that are well known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. This variety of nutrients contributes to the growing body of evidence that the consumption of pistachios improves health, leading to a greater potential of healthy antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, glycemic control, and endothelial function. The present review examines the nutrients and phytochemicals present in pistachios as well as the potential health benefits of including pistachios in a diet. KEYWORDS: Pistachio; anti-inflammatory activity; metabolic syndrome; polyphenols; unsaturated fatty acids Endothelial Function Scientific Update Sponsored by Endothelix Inc.
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