Acta Cardiol Sin. 2019 Mar;35(2):126-133.
Impact of Transradial Catheterization on Vascular Function of the Brachial Artery Assessed by Flow-Mediated Dilatation.
Ichijo S1, Yonetsu T1, Murai T1, Kanaji Y1, Usui E1, Hoshino M1, Yamaguchi M1, Hada M1, Hamaya R1, Kanno Y1, Kakuta T1.
Author information 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tsuchiura Kyodo General Hospital, Tsuchiura, Japan.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated long-term vascular function after radial access catheterization. Furthermore, the impact of repeated catheterization remains unknown. We investigated flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery after transradial catheterization. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 50 patients with suspected coronary artery disease referred for diagnostic coronary angiography. No ad-hoc percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) had been performed at the time of the index procedure. In 30 patients (63.8%), PCI and/or repeated follow-up diagnostic catheterization were subsequently performed via the radial artery used at the index catheterization. FMD was successfully measured before catheterization, at 24 h after catheterization, and after long-term follow-up (mean, 32 months; range, 24-43) in 47 patients. FMD at follow-up was compared between patients receiving only one procedure and those receiving multiple procedures via the same arteries. RESULTS: FMD was significantly decreased after catheterization and recovered well in long-term follow-up (3.7 ± 1.6%, 3.0 ± 1.7%, and 3.9 ± 1.6%). There was no significant difference in follow-up FMD between the patients undergoing single catheterization and those with multiple procedures (3.4 ± 1.3 vs. 4.3 ± 1.7, p = 0.06). When the patients were divided into two groups according to the median follow-up FMD value, no significant predictive factor was identified for worse FMD. CONCLUSIONS: After transradial catheterization, FMD of the brachial artery temporarily decreased but recovered in long-term follow-up. Recovery of FMD was not jeopardized by repeated catheterization, which suggests the potential of the brachial artery to recover endothelialfunction after repeated transradial procedures.
KEYWORDS: Endothelial dysfunction; Flow mediated dilatation