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Microvascular Endothelial Function Assessed Using Peripheral Arterial Tonometry in Adolescents

with Repaired Congenital Heart Disease

Pediatr Cardiol. 2023 Sep 11.


Atherosclerosis can develop in adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and should be given attention. Endothelial function is well known as a predictor of the development of atherosclerosis but has not been well investigated in patients with repaired CHD. This study aimed to clarify the endothelial function and its relationship with clinical backgrounds and parameters in adolescents with various types of repaired CHDs. Endothelial function was evaluated using peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT). The reactive hyperemia index (RHI) was evaluated and compared between adolescents with repaired CHD and those in the control group.

The relationship between the clinical background and parameters was also investigated in patients with repaired CHD. Forty-eight patients with repaired CHD (age 14.0 ± 3.3 years) and 114 healthy volunteers were included in this study. Patients with repaired CHD comprised 16 with repaired non-cyanotic CHD, 14 with repaired tetralogy of Fallot, and 18 who underwent the Fontan procedure. RHI in the repaired CHD group was significantly lower than in the control group. There was no significant correlation between the RHI and blood biochemical markers, such as uric acid, creatine, and brain natriuretic peptide levels. The RHI was significantly higher in patients taking angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) than in those not taking them. Endothelial function was impaired in adolescents with repaired CHD compared to that in the control group. Microvascular endothelial dysfunction developed even in adolescents with simple non-cyanotic CHD.

Keywords: Adolescence; Microvascular endothelial function; Peripheral arterial tonometry; Repaired congenital heart disease.

© 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

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