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Comprehensive assessment of vascular health in patients; towards endothelium-guided therapy

Marzena Frolow, Agata Drozdz, Agata Kowalewska, Rafal Nizankowski, Stefan Chlopicki


Pharmacol Rep 2015 Aug;67(4):786-92.


Abstract Endothelial function has diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic significance. A number of non-invasive techniques were introduced for its assessment, including flow-mediated dilation (FMD), finger plethysmography (RH-PAT) and digital thermal monitoring (DTM). All these methods can be performed simultaneously. In addition, various methods for measuring arterial wall stiffness are available such as: pulse wave analysis (PWA), pulse wave velocity (PWV), pulse contour analysis (PCA) and carotid wall distensibility coefficient (DC). Finally, carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and ankle brachial index (ABI) are used as surrogate read-outs of atherosclerosis. Here, we briefly describe the advantages, limitations and interrelationships of various methods used for the assessment of endothelial function, arterial stiffness, and present the concept of an integrated evaluation of vascular health based on multiple methods. This strategy may be useful to stratify cardiovascular risk and represents a step towards multiparametric assessment of endothelium for effective endothelium-guided therapy in patients with cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: Artery stiffness; Endothelial dysfunction; Flow-mediated dilation; Multiparametric assessment; Peripheral artery tonometry.


Read Full Text: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26321282/


Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Urban & Partner Sp. z o.o.



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