top of page

Mitigation of aircraft noise-induced vascular dysfunction and oxidative stress by exercise, fasting,

and pharmacological α1AMPK activation: molecular proof of a protective key role of endothelial α1AMPK against environmental noise exposure

Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2023 Apr 26;zwad075.


Aims: Environmental stressors such as traffic noise represent a global threat, accounting for 1.6 million healthy life years lost annually in Western Europe. Therefore, the noise-associated health side effects must be effectively prevented or mitigated. Non-pharmacological interventions such as physical activity or a balanced healthy diet are effective due to the activation of the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (α1AMPK). Here, we investigated for the first time in a murine model of aircraft noise-induced vascular dysfunction the potential protective role of α1AMPK activated via exercise, intermittent fasting, and pharmacological treatment.

Methods and results: Wild-type (B6.Cg-Tg(Cdh5-cre)7Mlia/J) mice were exposed to aircraft noise [maximum sound pressure level of 85 dB(A), average sound pressure level of 72 dB(A)] for the last 4 days. The α1AMPK was stimulated by different protocols, including 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside application, voluntary exercise, and intermittent fasting. Four days of aircraft noise exposure produced significant endothelial dysfunction in wild-type mice aorta, mesenteric arteries, and retinal arterioles. This was associated with increased vascular oxidative stress and asymmetric dimethylarginine formation. The α1AMPK activation with all three approaches prevented endothelial dysfunction and vascular oxidative stress development, which was supported by RNA sequencing data. Endothelium-specific α1AMPK knockout markedly aggravated noise-induced vascular damage and caused a loss of mitigation effects by exercise or intermittent fasting.

Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that endothelial-specific α1AMPK activation by pharmacological stimulation, exercise, and intermittent fasting effectively mitigates noise-induced cardiovascular damage. Future population-based studies need to clinically prove the concept of exercise/fasting-mediated mitigation of transportation noise-associated disease.

Keywords: AICAR; Aircraft noise exposure; Endothelial dysfunction; Exercise; Fasting; Noise mitigation; Reactive oxygen species; α1AMPK.

© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology


bottom of page