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Reduced reactive hyperemia of the brachial artery in diabetic patients assessed by

repeated measurements: The FMD-J B study

Physiol Rep. 2023 Aug;11(16):e15786.

Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major cause of microvascular dysfunction. However, its effect on blood flow patterns during ischemic demand has not been adequately elucidated. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that microvascular dysfunction in patients with T2DM manifests as brachial reactive hyperemia (BRH), defined as the ratio of peak blood flow velocities in a brachial artery before and after forearm cuff occlusion. The study enrolled 943 subjects (men, n = 152 [T2DM] and n = 371 [non-T2DM]; women, n = 107 [T2DM] and n = 313 [non-T2DM], respectively) with no history of cardiovascular disease. Semiautomatic measurements were obtained three times at 1.5-year intervals to confirm the reproducibility of factors involved in BRH for each sex. An age-adjusted mixed model demonstrated attenuated BRH in the presence of T2DM in both men (p = 0.022) and women (p = 0.031) throughout the study period. Post hoc analysis showed that the estimated BRH was significantly attenuated in patients with T2DM regardless of sex, except at baseline in women. In multivariate regression analysis, T2DM was a negative predictor of BRH at every measurement in men. For women, BRH was more strongly associated with alcohol consumption. Repeated measurements analysis revealed that T2DM was associated with attenuated postocclusion reactive hyperemia. Keywords: clinical study; diabetes mellitus; endothelial function; hyperglycemia; reactive hyperemia.

© 2023 The Authors. Physiological Reports published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of The Physiological Society and the American Physiological Society.

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