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Hydroxytyrosol: Its role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases[improves endothelial function]

Heliyon 2023 Jan 13;9(1):e12963.


Clara Noguera-Navarro, Silvia Montoro-García, Esteban Orenes-Piñero

Abstract:

In recent years, non-pharmacology treatments and their effectiveness have gained popularity due to their beneficial properties in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Phenolic compounds intake provides a natural means of improving in vivo antioxidant status. Thus, the purpose of this review is to discuss the potential benefits of hydroxytyrosol (HT), a phenolic compound with powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, in preventing and reducing cardiovascular risk factors, concretely atherosclerosis. Closer inspection of the studies showed a significant improvement of lipid profile, antioxidant capacity and inflammatory state. A note of caution is due in vitro studies because the lack of validated approaches difficult the goodness of fit with the in vivo and clinical research. However, animal and clinical studies were very encouraging, determining HT supplementation useful on inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial function and cardiovascular diseases in general.


Keywords: Atherosclerosis; Hydroxytyrosol; Inflammation; Lipid profile.



© 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.




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