Moderate doses of dietary nitrate elicit greater effects on blood pressure and endothelial function than a high dose: A 13-week pilot study
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2023 Mar 2;S0939-4753(23)00084-4.
Abstract Background & aims: Few studies have explored the prolonged effects of dietary nitrate on vascular health. This pilot study tested the effects of prolonged consumption (13 weeks) of a range of doses of dietary nitrate (NO3-), provided as beetroot juice (BJ), on blood pressure (BP) and endothelial function in overweight and obese older participants.
Methods and results: Sixty-two overweight or obese older participants (60-75 years) were randomized to the following interventions: (1) high NO3- (2) medium NO3-, (3) low NO3-, or (4) placebo. Resting clinic and home BP were measured pre- and post-intervention. Laser Doppler iontophoresis was used to quantify changes in endothelial-dependent and independent microvascular blood flow.
Results: This pilot study showed that medium and low doses of NO3- were more effective in lowering resting-clinic SBP (P = 0.04 and, P = 0.03, respectively) than was PL. The lower doses of NO3- also resulted in significant increases in microvascular perfusion (medium, P = 0.02; low, P = 0.002) relative to baseline values.
Conclusion: These findings indicate that supplementation with medium and low, but not high, doses of NO3- for 13 weeks had positive effects on BP and endothelial function in older overweight and obese adults. These findings require confirmation in larger studies.
Keywords: Beetroot juice; Blood pressure; Inorganic nitrate; Older adults.
Copyright © 2023 The Italian Diabetes Society, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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